Crisis in Yemen
Yemen is among the least developed countries in the world. Yemen faces multi-dimensional challenges such as inequitable and unsustainable use of water resources, There is an acute scarcity of water throughout the country. Only 43% of the population has access to safe drinking-water.
Among the communicable diseases contributing to the burden of disease in Yemen, malaria tops the list. About 60% of the population is at risk of malaria. The estimated figure for annual malaria cases is 3 million, with more then 30 000 malaria deaths per year, mostly among children under the age of five years and pregnant women.
From 19 March to 16 October, conflict in Yemen has claimed 5604 lives and left 26 703 others injured. It is estimated that more than 21.1 million people in Yemen are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, and 15.2 million people in need of health services. Insecurity in areas where conflict is ongoing is one of the key challenges impeding the provision of health care service delivery by humanitarian partners.
Shortages of food, medicine and other basic commodities are threatening the lives of children and their families and placing millions more people on the brink of starvation. Today, more than 1.5 million children are acutely malnourished and almost 370 000 are severely malnourished. 13 million people, about half of Yemen’s population, are short of food, with much of the country on the brink of famine.
The humanitarian situation in Yemen has been compounded by a recent cholera outbreak, with the number of suspected cases ballooning to 1,410 within three weeks of the outbreak being declared.
Yemen´s main tasks are right now strengthening the health system in its entirety, reducing maternal, neonatal, infant and child mortality, enhancing health, demographic and environmental education, reducing morbidity and mortality attributed to endemic and sexually transmitted diseases including HIV/AIDS.
Europe Peace Foundation partnering with other international organizations,Yemen´s Ministry of Public Health and population, has joined a health task force to coordinate an integrated strategic humanitarian response to the crisis toward controlling and reducing the high incidence of communicable diseases, such as malaria, tuberculosis, schistosomiasis, sexually transmitted diseases and vaccine-preventable diseases.